Personal injury refers to any harm or damage caused to a person’s body, mind, or emotions due to another party’s negligence or intentional actions. In Missouri, personal injury cases are governed by specific laws and regulations that determine the rights and remedies available to the injured party.

Types of Personal Injury Cases in Missouri

Several types of personal injury cases can occur in Missouri. Some common examples include:

1. Car Accidents: Motor vehicle accidents are Missouri’s leading cause of personal injury. Individuals injured due to another driver’s negligence may be entitled to compensation for their injuries, whether it’s a car, truck, motorcycle, or pedestrian accident.

2. Slip and Fall Accidents: Property owners must maintain safe premises for visitors. If someone is injured due to a hazardous condition on someone else’s property, such as a wet floor or uneven surface, they may have a valid personal injury claim.

3. Medical Malpractice: When healthcare professionals fail to provide a standard level of care, resulting in injury or harm to a patient, it may be considered medical malpractice. This can include surgical errors, misdiagnoses, medication errors, or birth injuries.

4. Product Liability: If a defective or dangerous product causes injury to a consumer, the manufacturer or distributor may be held liable for any resulting damages. This can include faulty machinery, contaminated food products, or dangerous pharmaceuticals.

5. Workplace Accidents: Employees injured on the job may be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits. 

Legal Elements of a Personal Injury Claim in Missouri

To successfully pursue a personal injury claim in Missouri, certain legal elements must be established:

1. Duty of Care: The injured party must show that the defendant owed them a duty of care. For example, drivers must operate their vehicles safely, and property owners must maintain their premises safely.

2. Breach of Duty: It must be proven that the defendant breached their duty of care. This could be through negligent actions or failure to act when there was a duty to do so.

3. Causation: The injured party must establish that the defendant’s breach of duty directly caused their injuries. This requires showing that the injuries would not have occurred without the defendant’s actions or negligence.

4. Damages: Lastly, the injured party must demonstrate that they suffered actual damages due to the incident. This can include medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related costs.

Statute of Limitations

In Missouri, a statute of limitations sets a time limit for filing a personal injury lawsuit. Generally, personal injury claims must be filed within five years from the date of the injury. However, there are exceptions to this rule, such as cases involving medical malpractice or claims against government entities, which have much shorter deadlines.

Comparative Fault

Missouri follows a comparative fault system when it comes to personal injury cases. This means that if the injured party is found partially at fault for their injuries, their compensation may be reduced by their percentage of fault. However, if the injured party is less than 51% at fault, they can still recover damages.

Seeking Legal Representation

Navigating the complexities of personal injury law in Missouri can only be challenging with proper legal representation. Consulting with an experienced personal injury attorney is crucial for understanding your rights and options after an accident or injury.

An attorney can help gather evidence, negotiate with insurance companies, and guide you through the legal process to ensure you receive fair compensation for your injuries and losses. They can also guide how best to protect your rights and interests throughout your case.


Personal injury cases in Missouri encompass a wide range of situations where an individual suffers harm due to another party’s negligence or intentional actions. Understanding your rights and legal options is essential, whether it’s a car accident, slip and fall incident, medical malpractice, product liability, or workplace accident.

If you’ve been injured in Missouri and believe you have a valid personal injury claim, consulting with an experienced attorney who can assess your case and guide you through the legal process is crucial. They can help you navigate the complexities of personal injury law and work towards securing fair compensation for your injuries and losses.